• (+60)3-79675205

Outcome Based Education (OBE)

What is Outcome Based Education (OBE)?

Outcome-Based Education (OBE) had been implemented in the Faculty of Engineering since 2004, in accordance with the directives of the Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia and the Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM). This is also one of the requirements for Malaysia to become a full member of the Washington Accord (WA), an international agreement to mutually recognize Bachelor degrees in the field of engineering.

OBE is an internationally practised educational model that focuses on the measurement of student outcomes and the implementation of corrective measures to overcome deficiencies in course delivery methods / assessment / student attitude, etc.. Curriculum is designed with specific course outcomes (COs) to prepare the graduates to achieve the graduate attributes / programme outcomes (POs) at the point of graduation. The POs are designed to produce graduates who are well-prepared to achieve the programme educational objectives (PEOs) 3 - 5 years after they have graduated. The PEOs and POs had been formulated in consultation with all major stakeholders (employers, alumni and students), to meet the demands of a challenging and globalized workplace.

Programme Educational Objectives (PEO)  

Programme educational objectives (PEOs) describe the career and professional accomplishments that a programme would prepares the graduates to achieve in 3 - 5 years after their graduation. Three PEOs have been formulated for the Bachelor of Electrical Engineering programme in line with the University’s and the Faculty’s vision and mission.

PEO1- Professionalism

Graduates will establish themselves as practicing professionals in Electrical Engineering or related fields.

PEO2- Continuous Personal Development

Graduates will engage in lifelong pursuit of knowledge and interdisciplinary learning appropriate for industrial and academic careers.

PEO3- Societal Engagement

Graduates will contribute to sustainable development and the well-being of society.


Perfomance Indicators and Achievement Criteria

The 3 defined PEOs have definable key competencies in 3 major areas, which are professionalism, continuous personal development and societal engagement.


Performance Indicator or Attributes

Performance Target


Graduates will establish themselves as practicing professionals in Electrical engineering or related fields (Professionalism)

Engaged in Engineering or related works

PEO1 is achieved if at least 30% graduates achieved at least 2 criteria listed in PEO1

Actively planning to attain professional status (Ir)

Are a member of professional bodies (IEM, BEM)

Registered as a certified or qualified person

Are a point of reference (resource person)

Are in a leadership position


Graduates will engage in lifelong pursuit of knowledge and interdisciplinary learning appropriate for industrial and academic careers (Continuous Personal Development)

Has undertaken postgraduate studies (currently pursuing + graduated)

PEO2 is achieved if at least 30% graduates achieved at least 2 criteria listed in PEO2

Has undertaken specialist / certification course

Has pursued/is pursuing other interest in life

Have published in academic/technical publications

Were involved in R&D

Attend seminars regularly per year


Graduates will contribute to sustainable development and the well-being of society (Societal Engagement)

Are involved in volunteerism

PEO3 is achieved if at least 30% graduates achieved at least 2 criteria in PEO3

Are involved in the community

Have contributed in cash/in kind to the society

Are involved in environmental projects

Are involved in recycling activities

Are involved in sustainable development

Are involved in health and safety (implementer)

Are involved in health and safety (policy maker)

Programme Outcomes (PO)

All signatories in the Washington Accord (WA) must demonstrate that their engineering programmes prepare graduates to exhibit 12 graduate attributes at the time of graduation. The Engineering Accreditation Council (EAC) under the Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM) has adopted all the 12 WA graduate attributes. With this in mind, the Bachelor or Electrical Engineering programme has the following 12 Programme Outcomes (POs):

PO1 Engineering Knowledge Apply knowledge of mathematics, science, engineering fundamentals and electrical engineering specialization to solve complex engineering problems.
PO2 Problem Analysis Identify, formulate, research, analyze and reach substantiated conclusions along with recommendations for complex electrical engineering problems, using principles of mathematics, natural science and engineering science.
PO3 Design/Development of Solutions Develop solutions for complex electrical engineering problems and systems, components or processes to meet specified needs with appropriate consideration for public health and safety, culture, society and the environment.
PO4 Investigation Conduct investigation of complex electrical engineering problems using relevant research methodology including literature review, design of experiments, analysis and interpretation of results to derive scientifically sound conclusions.
PO5 Modern Tool Usage Utilize systematic approach to select/create appropriate IT tools, with full understanding of their limitations, to model, simulate and solve complex electrical engineering problems.
PO6 The Engineer and Society Apply reasoning informed by contextual knowledge to assess societal, health, safety, legal and cultural issues and the consequent responsibilities relevant to professional engineering practice and solutions to complex electrical engineering problems.
PO7 Environment and Sustainability Understand the impact of professional engineering solutions of complex electrical engineering problems towards society and the environment, and demonstrate knowledge of and the need for sustainable development.
PO8 Ethics Apply norms of professional engineering practice ethically.
PO9 Communication Communicate effectively on complex electrical engineering activities with both engineers and the community at large through discussions, reports and presentations.
PO10 Individual and Team Work Function effectively as an individual, and as a team member or leader in a multi-disciplinary environment.
PO11 Life Long Learning Recognize the need to undertake life-long learning and possess the capacity to do so independently.
PO12 Project Management and Finance Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of engineering and management/finance principles and apply these to one’s own work as an individual, team member or leader in a multi-disciplinary environment.

The POs are directly mapped to relevant courses and explicitly mapped to the course outcomes (COs) of the related courses. The POs attainment of individual students will be continuously measured throughout the period of study based on the performance in each course.

Course Outcomes (COs) are the expected outcomes of each course and it is what student should be able to do upon the completion of a specific course. Each course has course outcomes which are explicitly linked to specific POs. COs are assessed and evaluated through various measurement/assessment tools. At the end of the measurement, the COs attainment will directly contribute to the achievement of specific POs linked to it.


Outcome-based Education (OBE) Briefing 2019